After royally screwing up the inlay sign I made a few posts back I decided it was time to experiment with different inlay techniques. I had mixed success, but will share my current round of results here.
I started by milling some test shapes into a block of maple and sealing them with a few quick coats of spray lacquer. I thought I had a picture before applying any inlay, but apparently I do not. There is a section for each inlay technique.
- Polyester resin with added “castin` craft” pigment
- Two part epoxy with added “castin` craft” pigment
- Acrylic craft paint like you can find in any craft store
- Inlace brand black inlay fill
Each section is made up of 3 letters. The left most letter is 25mil deep, the center is 20, and the right one is 15mil deep. I wanted to see how shallow I could go and still have the results turn out well.
My first observation is that the the castin` craft additive did poorly with both the epoxy and resin. For starters, it took a decent bit to get a good looking black. I was worried about adding too much, and you can see the polyester section is fairly translucent. Both were very soft and gummy. Attempted sanding mostly just pulled them out of their inlay pockets.
This is really disappointing. I bought a few different colors of the castin` craft stuff which I don’t know what to do with now. On top of that, I bought a container of polyester resin and don’t know what to do with that either… I really thought that was going to work.
There are a few bright spots. The inlace material looks great! It is pricey, but at least it works. The acrylic was promising. The picture looks bad because I over sanded it. Looking at the first picture, I barely put any acrylic paint down, just enough to cover the wood. The surface texture looked bad, so I tried sand the paint smooth and got too aggressive. Acrylic paint is a good option if I can get it to look smooth. It is easy to get ahold of, comes in lots of colors, and is color mixable. My next test will be to figure out how to apply paint thick enough so that it can be sanded to look smooth.
I am getting better at batch processing food for canning. There was a nice swing of chop-boil-mill going on yesterday Apples are on sale here so we went to our local produce market and stocked up with 37 pounds of galas, pink lady, braeburns, fujis, and honey crisps. I was going for 50 pounds, but stopped when the box they gave us was getting pretty full. Good thing too, my sink can’t hold any more!
I made a previous post detailing how I make applesauce and apple butter, so see that if you want instructions. I filled up the crock pot for butter, and jarred the rest. In all 37 pounds of apples produced a full crock pot (4 quarts of sauce -> 10 half-pints of butter) and 7 quarts of applesauce (a very full stock pot!). This is a good size because my crock pot was full, and my canner only holds 7 quart jars. Next time I have a weekend at home I can use a few sauce jars to make more butter. Hooray for fall!
Based on my previous few attempts I am producing 1 quart of sauce for just under 3 pounds of apples. 50 pounds would get me a full crock pot and two rounds of quart jars in my canner. That would be a full afternoon!
I entered into a beard off with a co-worker earlier this year. We both stopped shaving at the beginning of August, and will not do so again until sometime in December. We had an agreement that small trimming could be done for cleanliness. I don’t like my moustache getting into my mouth, or tickling my upper lip. One option would be to trim, but figured why not train it! So I picked up a tiny comb and some moustache wax. This is where my problems set in.
I have tried a hand full of different waxes available online, because I can’t find any in town. All with the exception of one smelled so bad I couldn’t bring myself to apply them. These things sit right under your nose for goodness sake! Many of them are quite pricey too. 10-15 bucks for on ounce or two. That is rich considering it is mostly bees wax. How about I make my own?
I did some reading and found a whole host of recipes out there with a lot of different ingredients. EXPERIMENT TIME!!! Bees wax on its own is too hard to use, so oils are added to soften. I used the following ingredients: Bees Wax, Shea Butter, Cocoa Butter, Cocoanut Oil, and Vanilla Extract. The ratios for the first 6 batches are:
Everything was measured out with a scale and combined in a double boiler. I went through the week using one each day and recorded my thoughts.
- Way too thin and easy to spread. Not enough hold for my course stache.
- Decent consistency and hold. No bad smells. This one has potential.
- Too little hold and the Shea doesn’t smell good in my opinion.
- Not enough hold for my liking, but the smell was light and pleasant. With more wax, this could be a good one.
- Practically melted off my fingers. No go!
- The vanilla extract didn’t mix well. Oil and alcohol. Anything I add should be oil based if I want to influence the smell.
In all it was a good round. If nothing else, number 2 is probably an acceptable substitute for my previously preferred wax, and at a tiny fraction of the cost! I kind of liked the cocoa butter additive. My next round will be variation on that version with more wax. I might try a round with petroleum jelly instead of cocoanut oil. That seems to be a popular alternative to the cocoanut oil. Until next time, let it grow!
Measure out the wax
Ready to go into the boiler
In they go
Stir well after they are all melted
Good thing I numbered the cups
AKA Always read directions carefully
The plan was to make a small sign that said “CUBE sweet CUBE” for a friend/co-worker and myself. I was going to mill some lettering into a nice piece of wood, and fill the pocket with colored inlay resin. I will introduce the mill in a post soon. Until then, I want to share a complete screw up I had.
I started by re-sawing (Cutting in half length wise. It turns a thick piece of wood into two thinner pieces of wood) a scrap piece of maple. Some quick sanding got the tops flat and ready to go into the mill. A 0.063″ mill bit did a great job of removing material where the text will be. I sprayed both pieces with a quick coat of lacquer to keep the dye from soaking in along the grain. With the woodworking over, I moved on to filling the text area with a colored epoxy resin.
I taped off the area to be filled with black and mixed up the product. The inlay filler I used is a resin with dye made by Inlace. I metered out an ounce of the black resin and put in the proper amount of hardener. After a good mix I poured it into the “CUBE” letters and let it sit. There was a bit of shrinkage, but the results seemed ok. Next I switched to the “sweet” area and mix up the red resin with a proper amount of hardener… or so I thought.
It turns out that the black I got was both resin AND dye pre-mixed together. The red, was just dye. It is supposed to be added to clear resin. 12 hours later, It is still liquid, and I am sad. I can’t come up with any good way to wash out the offending dye. I think this is going to have to be a do-over project. In retrospect, the lettering is a lot deeper than it needs to be. A big waste of resin. Unfortunately this stuff is hard to get. I can’t find it in town, and no one online carries inlace’s full product line. I might try to find their clear resin and do it over, or I might try someone else’s epoxy dye that is more attainable.
Milled out text
Tape up the areas for black
Apply black inlay
Oops, the red is not cured!
This is both a simple, and overly complex project. It is simple in that I have made a set of pine boxes with glued on plywood bottoms. Had I been only interested in making them functional, I could have finished these in an hour or two. Instead, I wanted to practice hand cut dovetails, and make them look good.
If you want to make basic boxes to hold canning supplies, then cut the boards and attach via whatever method you like. Screw/glue, pocket holes, nail, half lap etc… 1×6 boards are the perfect size for pint cans. Remember they are actually 0.75×5.5″. Cut them so the outside dimensions end up being 11×14.5″, and attach a plywood bottom. 1/4″ plywood seems adequate. It took me a number of hours to finish the two crates, but the experience was worth it.
If you are crazy like me and want to make basic utilitarian boxes with super fancy joints, then read on. Or if you just want to see how I make dovetails. There are a lot of good resources out there that detail how to make dovetails. I am going to give a brief overview of how I do it now. Maybe in a few years when I get good at them I will make another post with some sage advice.
- Cut boards to rough length, and use a shooting board to clean up ends and get lengths exact.
- Use a marking gauge to set tail depth to thickness of wood. Pencil marks make everything easier to see.
- I start with an end pin mark, then use a divider to layout the remaining tails.
- The veritas dovetail marking gauge is quite excellent for marking up the tails. Always use a knife for the best marks.
- I hand cut the tails on the waste side. The hope is that they are cut close enough to not need any chisel work.
- Remove the waist material with a coping saw, then carefully pare out with is left with a chisel.
- Use the back side of the tails to guide a marking knife for the pins.
- Cut pins and clean waste out in a similar manner as the tails.
- After a test fit I apply glue to the pins and assemble the box.
- If everything was made right the box should go together square and require minimal clamping.
- Applying BLO (boiled linseed oil) provides an easy and cheap finish.
There were 8 joints total. Most of them turned out decently, but not GREAT. Practice will help out, but I think pine might be hard to work with. I will have to try making dovetails in a harder wood to see what the results are like.
Cut to rough length
Four walls cut
Marking depth of Tails
I use a divider to layout the tails
Vertias dovetail gauge is awesome!
Remove waist with a coping saw
Pare out wasit
Use completed tail board to mark pins
Cut the pins
Clean out pin waste material
Ready for glue up
Apply glue to pins
Minimal clamping needed
It was a good day!
I have been using my shooting board a lot the past week. It was becoming hard on my hand because of a lack of handle. You just kind of grip the side and push. After a while that starts to hurt. Some of the more expensive planes made for this purpose have an angled handle, or a “hot dog” handle near the middle of the plane. I decided to make one that sits in the middle of the plane.
I took a chunk of maple I had sitting around and got to work tracing out the shape of the plane onto the wood. The edges of the trace were chopped out to allow for pairing with a chisel. This is one of the many times that I wish I had a router plane. Maybe next year. With the center area cleaned out I cut out the handle and did some rough shaping. The plane sits well in the cut out pocket, and with a strip screwed down across the back, It feels very solid. I can still get the blade in and out even with the handle installed. I might continue to shape the handle for comfort as I use it. Otherwise, it is a huge improvement over the nothing I had before.
Chop down the edges
pare down the center area
Cleaned up and cut out
A little shaping to fit my hand
The plane sits well insde
A small brace helps hold it in place
A nice beefy handle for my big hands
For further adventures in hand cut woodworking I will need a shooting board. If you don’t know what one is, the use will become clear soon. After my miter box debacle I should have gone simple for a shooting board. I didn’t. My first attempt had an adjustable and removable stop cleat on top with hand cut grooves and yada yada. It didn’t work well. I backed up and thought simple and short term.
A shooting board lets you place a low angle jack plane (good for cutting end grain) on its side while holding a board to be trimmed square against a backer fence. The plane runs across the end grain taking tiny shavings as it goes. I attached two pieces of 3/4″ plywood to each other allowing a two inch strip on the right for the plane. Then, at a 90 degree angle to the plane running slot I attached a stop fence.
Here it is with a scrap pine board being trimmed. The plane is my new No 62 woodriver low angle plane.
As you push the plane forward, it cuts off tiny shavings from the end grain. If the original cut wasnt perfectly square, the shooting board should fix it. Also, It makes the end grain finish look much nicer than any saw could.
The top piece of pine was saw cut, the bottom was cleaned up with the shooting board. I will have to monitor the squareness of the fence. If it wonders over time, that will introduce errors into my work. Until then, this one works well. So well, I had enough time to start some dovetail practice parts.
TADA! My first hand cut dovetail. I needs some cosmetic help, but holds well and is a really sturdy joint. I will post more details once I have been through a pile of them and have a more solid procedure. The shooting board did a good job of squaring up the pine and giving me a workable surface.
Next, dovetail joined crates to store half pint jars. Practice makes perfect.